The Arabic language is one of the six official languages of the United Nations, along with Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Russian, and Spanish. It is spoken by 422 million native and non-native speakers and the religious language of 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide. It is a Semitic language that is written with an alphabet that is read from right to left.
If you are learning the Arabic language or interested in learning it, the following 10 Arabic language grammar books can help you in your journey in mastering the language.
Author/Editor: W. Wright, W. Robertson Smith, M. J. De Goege
Publisher: Dover Publications Inc.
Edition No.: 3rd Revised Edition
Publication Date: April 2005
Anyone studying literary or classical Arabic beyond the elementary or tourist level will need this book. No other English-language grammar of the Arabic language is as thorough as this classic reference. The work was originally published in German in 1844-45 by Karl Paul Caspari, a theologian and orientalist. In 1859 English scholar W. Wright published this masterly translation of Caspari’s work, with numerous additions and corrections. Unlike many more recent grammars, this work contains few inaccuracies or errors. Moreover, although it is a reference grammar, it cites many examples of sentences, phrases, and figures of speech found in classical Arabic prose and poetry. Originally published in two volumes, it has been republished here in one volume; however, the original arrangement has been retained. Thus, Volume One covers orthography and orthoëpy, and parts of speech (including extensive coverage of verbs and nouns, numerals and the particles). Volume Two deals with syntax, including the component parts of a sentence, the sentence in general, and different kinds of sentences. A final section discusses prosody. Three indexes assist students in finding words, constructions, and grammatical categories. This third edition incorporates a number of helpful revisions, additions and corrections made to the second edition by W. Robertson Smith and M. J. de Goeje. The result is an unmatched resource for English-speaking students wishing to master the intricacies of Arabic.
A Grammar of Classical Arabic
Author/Editor: Wolfdietrich Fischer, Jonathan Rodgers
Publisher: Yale University Press
Edition No.: 3rd Revised Edition
Publication Date: September 2001
This concise and well-organized grammar of classical Arabic, here translated from its original German into English for the first time, provides students of Arabic with a highly useful reference tool. While brief enough to be used with efficiency, the book is also rich in content and thorough in its coverage. Beginning- or advanced-level students working on classical texts and styles will find this grammar quick to use, reliable, and up-to-date. More than just a translation into English, this edition of Wolfdietrich Fischer’s Grammar of Classical Arabic includes many revisions and additions provided by Rodgers. In particular, the chapter on syntax offers numerous new text examples and other improvements. The bibliography has been updated to include significant recent contributions to the field of classical Arabic grammar and linguistics. Translated by Jonathan Rodgers with attention to both accuracy and readability, this book is an accessible reference tool that every student of classical Arabic will want to have on hand.
A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language
Author/Editor: J.A. Haywood, H.M. Nahmad
Publisher: Lund Humphries Publishers Ltd
Edition No.: 2nd Revised Edition
Publication Date: May 1990
This is a revised second edition of A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language first published in 1962. It is based on and replaces Thatcher’s Arabic Grammar and has a vocabulary of over 4,000 words, almost twice as many as in the old Thatcher, while the number of chapters has been increased from forty-nine to fifty-two. The Supplement contains a number of new features. Apart from selections from the Qur’an, fables, stories, newspaper extracts, advertisements and letters, additional material in the form of extracts from classical and modern Arabic writings and proverbs is included. Appendix A provides a useful introduction to the main colloquial Arabic dialects, Appendix B, a useful reading guide, and Appendix C, further grammatical information not supplied in the first edition. This book will serve as a basis for a further and deeper study of the classical language and literature and at the same time form a good foundation for those who wish to concentrate on the modern written language of literature and the daily press. The authors have been careful to indicate which usages are current in modern Arabic, and which are antique or antiquated. The vocabulary also is both classical and modern. This is above all a practical grammar, not an advanced reference grammar like Wright’s. It is meant for the beginner who is not familiar with the peculiarities of Semitic languages. Nevertheless it is comprehensive enough, the authors believe, for most students’ needs in the first two or three years of their study.
Modern Standard Arabic Grammar: A Learner’s Guide
Author/Editor: Mohammad T. Alhawary
Edition No.: 1st Edition
Publication Date: May 2011
Modern Standard Arabic Grammar is comprehensive guide that introduces readers to the basic structure and grammar of the Arabic language. Its features include: comprehensive coverage of Arabic grammar and structure in current standard use (MSA), from entry level to advanced proficiency; balanced treatment of the phonological, syntactic, and morphological rules of the Arabic language; an intuitive presentation of grammar rules and structures, in order of frequency and functional use; and straightforward explanations with minimum linguistic jargon and terminology, explaining the key issues. Packed throughout with symbols, tables, diagrams, and illustrative examples, this book is essential reading for anyone in the early years of studying the language.
Arabic Verbs & Essentials of Grammar
Author/Editor: Jane Wightwick, Mahmoud Gaafar
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Edition No.: 3rd Edition
Publication Date: January 2018
The all-in-one guide to mastery of Arabic grammar. Arabic Verbs & Essentials of Grammar provides an excellent introduction to the basics of Arabic if you are a beginner or a quick, thorough reference is you already have experience in the language. It offers a solid foundation of major verbal and grammatical concepts of the language, providing clear explanations of concepts and how they are similar, or very different, in Arabic and English. Each unit is devoted to one topic, so you can find what you need and get focused instruction immediately. Concise yet thorough, the explanations are supported by numerous examples to help you master the different concepts. And for those tricky verbs, Arabic Verbs & Essentials of Grammar includes a Verb Index of the most common verbs, cross-referenced with the abundant verb tables appearing throughout the book. This book will give you all this: concise explanations of verbs, adjectives, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and other grammar essentials; examples that reflect contemporary usage and real-life situations; and a high-frequency index to 400 Arabic verbs, cross-referenced to relevant sections in the book. New to this edition, twelve Authors’ Tutorials that will help your understanding of the system of Arabic verb roots. These recordings are available as streaming audio through the McGraw-Hill Language Lab app.
An Introduction To Koranic and Classical Arabic
Author/Editor: Wheeler M. Thackston
Publisher: IBEX Publishers
Publication Date: January 1995
Cultural Studies. Reference. W. M. Thackston’s AN INTRODUCTION TO KORANIC AND CLASSICAL ARABIC is an elementary-level grammar of standard classical Arabic, the literary norm of the Arabic language that has not changed appreciably in fourteen hundred years. An indispensable tool for all who are interested in Islamic religion, science, and literature, the language presented in this book will enable the learner to study firsthand the primary sources of Islamic civilization and the classics of the Islamic Near East. W. M. Thackston is Professor of the Practice in Persian and Other Near Eastern Languages at Harvard University, where he has taught Persian and Arabic for over twenty years. Author of numerous books and articles on the languages and literatures of the Near East, his works include a new English translation of the Baburnama, A Century of Princes: Sources on Timurid History and Art, and Tales from Luristan: Tales, Fables and Folk Poetry from the Lur of Bala-Gariva.
Arabic Through the Qur’an
Author/Editor: Alan Jones
Publisher: Islamic Texts Society
Edition No.: Revised Edition
Publication Date: October 2005
Whether used as a means of self-instruction or as part of higher learning coursework, this language primer is ideally suited for those wishing to learn classical Arabic and for Muslims who wish to learn Arabic exclusively for use in their religious and spiritual practice. Designed to enhance the understanding of the Qur’an and its vocabulary that has infiltrated the whole of Arabic and Islamic literature, this workbook provides 40 easy-to-follow lessons for learning Qur’anic rather than modern Arabic. Beginning with a section on the Arabic alphabet, the text moves on to individual lessons that address one or more grammatical topics, ranging from the basics of nouns, adjectives, and prepositions to the more complex concepts of the imperative, the passive, and conditional sentence, introducing new vocabulary in the process. Accompanying translation exercises, a glossary of technical terms, and an index supplement the main text.
Easy Arabic Grammar
Author/Editor: Jane Wightwick, Mahmoud Gaafar
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Publication Date: July 2005
Easy Arabic Grammar is both a handy grammar reference and a primer/workbook for beginning to intermediate-level students of Arabic. Clear structural explanations and practice activities make it a perfect companion for formal language classes as well as any self-teaching course.
Arabic Grammar Made Easy
Author/Editor: Dr. Abu Ameeah Bilal Philips
Publisher: A.S Norordeen
Publication Date: 2005
An approach to teaching the Arabic language by introducing vocabulary and grammar in small doses, based on the most commonly used words in Arabic literature and the most frequently used grammatical constructions. Book One focuses on the rules of nominal sentences.
Modern Standard Arabic Grammar: A Concise Guide
Author/Editor: Azza Hassanein
Publisher: The American University in Cairo Press
Publication Date: October 2010
In a compact, easy-to-use format, this new book offers a convenient guide to grammar for any student of Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), the version of Arabic most commonly used in journalism, formal writing, and literature. Drawing on over a decade of experience as a full-time teacher of Arabic, Azza Hassanein explains the rules in straight-forward English, illustrating usage with examples throughout. The book covers all the rules of grammar and morphology that students require for elementary, intermediate, and advanced levels of Arabic. As a compact guide, it is an ideal auxiliary, no matter what textbook the student is using. While students of the language will find Modern Standard Arabic Grammar extremely helpful, it is also a valuable tool for linguists who want to acquire a clear idea about the skeletal structure of the language, as well as translators who are working with written Arabic.
Covering all the important grammatical rules of MSA, from nisba adjectives and nominal and verbal sentences to more complex constructions such as conditional sentences and the subjunctive, this unique handbook fills a real need for the growing number of people worldwide learning Arabic.
At present, Arabs from different countries speak different dialects but Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) remains as the lingua franca of the Arab world. Arab students learn MSA in schools and the body of literature in the Arab countries is mostly written in Arabic. The two sources of Islamic knowledge — Qur’an and Hadith — are written in Classical Arabic. While today’s learners of the Arabic language mostly focus on learning MSA, the power of Classical Arabic cannot be underestimated as it serves as the foundation upon which MSA is built. Happy learning!